8 Major Causes of Bad Breath
Bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be embarrassing and result in social anxiety for some. It’s no surprise that there is overﬂow of mouthwashes, mints and other products to ﬁght bad breath in stores and online.
Certain foods, health conditions and habits are among the causes of bad breath. Consistent proper oral hygiene can address most causes of bath breath. If not, consult with your dental care provider or physician to rule out more serious health conditions.
Causes of Bad Breath
Food is a primary source of bad breath.Some foods, such as garlic, onions, spicy foods, exotic spices (such as curry), and acidic beverages such as coffee can leave a lingering smell. Also breakdown of food particles around your teeth can increase bacteria build up,leading to bad odor. Low carbohydrate diets may also cause “ketone breath.” These diets cause the body to burn fat as its main energy source. The end-product of making this energy is ketones, which has a fruity acetone-like odor on the breath when exhaled. This fruity odor in a diabetic might indicate uncontrolled blood sugars.
2. Poor oral hygiene
Not brushing and ﬂossing regularly leaves food particles in the mouth, causing bad breath.Lack of proper oral hygiene would also lead to formation of bacteria build up (plaque) on tongue,
3. Dry mouth
Dry mouth also known as xerostomia, can lead to bad breath. Dry mouth may be caused by salivary gland problems, connective tissue disorders such as Sjögren’s syndrome, certain medications (antihistamines), or breathing through the mouth. Saliva helps moisten and cleanse the mouth.When the body does not produce enough saliva, food particles and bacteria are left behind, contributing to bad breath.
4. Tobacco products
Smoking and chewing tobacco leave unpleasant mouth odor. In addition, smoking leads to dry mouth and increased risk of gum disease which is another source of bad breath.
5. Oral infections
Cavities, gum disease, and oral abscess, all harbor odor producing bacteria contributing to bad breath.
6. Health problems
Certain health conditions harbor odor-causing bacteria.Sinus infections, pneumonia, sore throat, the common cold, inﬂuenza (ﬂu), tonsil stones (tonsilloliths), thrush, bronchitis, postnasal drip, diabetes, acid reﬂux, other stomach or digestive problems, and some liver diseases or kidney diseases may be associated with bad breath.
Many medications, including antihistamines to treat allergies and diuretics, can cause dry mouth which can also lead to bad breath.
8. Other causes of bad breath
Objects stuck in the nose (usually in children), alcoholism, and large doses of vitamin supplements may also contribute to bad breath.
If you have experienced
If bad breath persists, consult with our skilled and knowledgeable doctor and hygienists at downtown dental design. We will help to determine the root of the problem and get you on a right path to a healthy brilliant smile!!